Studies and Reports
Jay Hosler and Boomer study of effectiveness of comics in the classroom
Study on Comics as a better resource than text alone for learning – Sheffield Hallam U (Full article)
Study of how elementary teachers respond to comics in their classrooms – Diane Lapp, etc., authors (PDF at the link)
Study of critical thinking through Comic Books in the American College Classroom – Journal of GN & Comics
Study of Cartoon vs. traditional handouts for med students in Medical Teacher Journal
Study of Graphic Novel Comprehension Among Learners with Differential Cognitive Styles and Reading Abilities – Reading & Writing Quarterly
Ujiie, J., and Krashen, S.D. (1996). Comic Book Reading, Reading Enjoyment, and Pleasure Reading Among.
Stephen Krashen The Power of Reading
Article What Can Cartoonists Teach Engineers – Rice University
The Comic Studies Multiverse: Graphic Transformations in Education & Culture Vol. 32 – Articles on Teaching with Comics
Article on using Digital Comics for special needs students – the Atlantic
Article on benefit of reading comics in school – from CBC
Article on comics effectiveness in classroom – Minnesota Star Tribune
Article on resistance to comics in the classroom – EdWeek
Article on Understanding comics by making comics – EdWeek
TED talk by Jeremy Short on Comics as educational tools – YouTube
Summary of study of comics as science literacy – w/links to study itself
Anastasia Betts on Comics as tool for writing – from the comics observer
Studies on How Comics help students retain knowledge – from Publishers Weekly
Article on scientific support for comics and literacy – from Toon Books Blog
Interview with Francoise Mouly on why comics are good for Children – from Big Think
Interview w Françoise Mouly on Comics, Education, Toon Books – Smithsonian Mag
On Raising a Comics Reader – pdf by the Comics Legal Defense Fund on arguments for kids reading comics!
Study on Improvement of information retention in reading graphic works over text only
Study: Using comics with Novice EFL Readers to develop Reading Literacy – Procedia
Study – are science comics a good medium for science communication – Intl Journal of Science Ed
Comics version of are science comics a good medium for science communication – Taylor & Francis
Study on how 2-4th grade students make multimodal meaning in reading comics – abstract at link
Study on Negative Effects of Superheroes on preschoolers summary Bleeding Cool, full article Journal of Abnormal Child Psych

Mosse, H. L., & Daniels, C. R. (1959). Linear dyslexia: A new form of reading disorder. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 13, 826-841.
Arlin, M., & Roth, G. (1978). Pupils’ use of time while reading comics and books. American Educational Research Journal, 15(2), 201-216. doi: 10.3102/00028312015002201

  • Bitz, Michael. Manga High: Literacy, Identity, and Coming of Age in an Urban High School. Cambridge: Harvard Education Pr. 2009.
  • Botzakis, Stergios. “Adult Fans of Comic Books: What They Get out of Reading.” Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy 53.1 (2009): 50–59.
  • Clark, J. Spencer. ““Your Credibility Could Be Shot”: Preservice Teachers’ Thinking about Nonfiction Graphic Novels, Curriculum Decision Making, and Professional Acceptance.” The Social Studies 104.1 (2013): 38–45.
  • Connors, Sean P. “Weaving multimodal meaning in a graphic novel reading group.” Visual Communication 12.1 (2013): 27–53.
  • el-Setouhy, Rio F. “Stigma Reduction and Improved Knowledge And Attitudes Towards Filariasis Using a Comic Book for Children.” Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 33.1 (2003): 55–65.
  • Hosler, Jay and K. B. Boomer. “Are Comic Books an Effective Way to Engage Nonmajors in Learning and Appreciating Science?”. CBE—Life Sciences Education 10.3 2011. <>
  • Kagelmann, H. Jürgen. Comics: Aspekte zu Inhalt und Wirkung. Schriften des Arbeitskreises für Jugendliteratur. Heilbrunn/Obb. Julius Klinkhardt, 1976.
  • Kane, Brian M. “Adapting the Graphic Novel Format for Undergraduate-Level Textbooks.” PhD Diss. Ohio State University, 2013.
  • Montgomery, Michell, et al. “The Native Comic Book Project: Native Youth Making Comics and Healthy Decisions.” Journal of Cancer Education 27.1 (2012): 41–46.
  • Pantaleo, Sylvia. “Paneling “Matters” in Elementary Students’ Graphic Narratives.” Literacy Research and Instruction 52.2 (2013): 150–71.
  • Sabbah, Maryam, Mona Masood, and Mohammad Iranmanesh. “Effects of graphic novels on reading comprehension in Malaysian year 5 students.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 4.1 (2013): 146-60.
  • Sabeti, Shari. “‘Arts of time and space’: The perspectives of a teenage audience on reading novels and graphic novels”. Participations 9.2 2012. <>
  • Sossouvi, Laurent-Fidèle. “Les attitudes d’apprenants taiwanais de langue étrangère à l’égard de la bande dessinée et quelques implications”. Linguistik online 55.5 2012. <>
  • Wilson, Brent and Marjorie Wilson. “Pictorial Composition and Narrative Structure: Themes and the Creation of Meaning in the Drawings of Egyptian and Japanese Children.” Visual Arts Research 13.2 (1987): 10–21.

Comics and literacy outreach
The Center for Educational Pathways – the Comic Book Project Michael Bitz’s project initially out of Teachers College to help teachers make comics with their students
Marek Bennett’s Comics Workshop – literacy comics workshops
Marek Bennett – Comic on Multiple Intelligences – printable
World Comics Finland – Grassroots comics, literacy effort
Video of power of Grassroots comics – from India
Video on Impact of World comics inspiring journalism & justice efforts – in India & Pakistan
Cool project to help Inuit make comics via the web and other digital devices
Canadian artist telling Indigenous Stories by Haida Manga – via CBC
The Water Cookbook – graphic novel on sustainability – from Sarai
Graphic Narratives – site for Comics by Indian Creators –
Japanese Comic for Disaster Preparedness – Tokyo
Article on London Egyptian museum using comics to get kids engaged by Matt Finch
Comics Script and Assessment classroom exercise – by James Bucky Carter
Research study on comics/visual literacy – for use as guided writing.
Article on book on using comics to communicate ideas – in UX (user experience) magazine
On the lingua comica project – out of Singapore
Comics in the United Nations database – broad
The Comic Book Education Foundation – to provide literacy & opportunity
Using comic books/superheroes to combat climate change – Grist
Can you speak Emoji – PBS